Who is today’s nanny?
A nanny is an educated professional with a working knowledge and genuine love for
GTM's 2003 on-line survey of Trends in the Nanny Industry indicated the following
demographics of the 800 nanny respondents:
- Two thirds were 20-30 years of age
- Over a third had a college degree
- A third had 2-5 years experience
- Had more than five years experience
- Most (63%) were live-out nannies
What is a nanny and what does she do?
A nanny is a child care specialist. A nanny’s workplace is in a family’s private
home and his/her job is providing one-on-one attention and the best possible care
for the family’s children. The work may be full-time or part-time, and the nanny
may or may not live with the family. The nanny’s role is to provide support to the
family by serving as a loving, nurturing and trustworthy companion to the children.
A nanny tends to have special child care skills and a deep love and understanding
of children. A nanny offers the family convenient, high quality care to meet each
child’s physical, emotional, social and intellectual needs.
A nanny is responsible for the complete care of their employer’s children. Duties
include tending to each child’s basic physical needs, meal planning and preparation,
laundry and clothing care, organization of play activities and outings, providing
behavioral guidelines and disciplining when appropriate, intellectual stimulation,
language activities and provide transportation when required. Housekeeping responsibilities
are child related. A nanny must be able to communicate well with both children and
parents. Depending on the individual family, the nanny may be treated as an employee,
a cherished friend or as a member of the family. – The International Nanny Association
What does the Occupational Information Network define a nanny?
Care for children in private households and provide support and expertise to parents
in satisfying children's physical, emotional, intellectual, and social needs. Duties
may include meal planning and preparation, laundry and clothing care, organization
of play activities and outings, discipline, intellectual stimulation, language activities,
their site for additional classification information and facts and figires
on the nanny industry.
What does a professional nanny earn?
The International Nanny Association (INA), the largest and oldest non-profit association
for nannies and those who educate, place, employ, and support professional in-home
child care providers, announced the results of its Nanny Salary and Benefits Survey.
A total of 617 nannies took part in the survey, representing more than 31 cities
and 22 states.
The INA survey summary reveals that on a national level, live-in nannies earn an
average of $532 per week and live-out nannies earn an average of $590 per week.
Click here to read
the full survey
Are nannies employees or independent contractors?
Nannies are employees and not classified as independent contractors. An independent
contractor is defined as someone who supplies their own tools of the trade and works
on their own schedule. Nannies are considered an employee because they use the diapers,
bottles, food, toys and other supplies that are in the household, they also work
on the schedule that is set by the family, thus the family is their employer.
Are nannies subject to tax laws?
Nannies must be paid legally, which means legal payroll taxes should by withheld
and paid to the proper entities. Nannies are subject to the minimum wage law and
live out nannies are to be paid time and a half for hours worked over 40 in a workweek.
Failure to abide by legal hiring and tax withholding guidelines as outlined by the
Internal Revenue Service, puts you, the employer, at risk for significant fines
To simplify your obligations as an employer we strongly recommend using payroll
service providers or research nanny specific payroll and tax software. Using a service
makes this process easier and keeps the financial and tax errors to a minimum, reducing
the risk of fines and penalties caused by incomplete, late or inaccurate filings.
It also significantly reduces your time involvement. GTM, the Household Employment
Experts offers a complete line of products to make this process simple and stress
What type of benefits do nannies receive?
According to the 2003 GTM Household Employment Expert’s Nanny Employer Survey, the
following demographics were reported from the 800 nanny respondents and 150 employer
The top five benefits currently received by nanny respondents are:
- paid vacations and holidays (73%)
- Internet/TV access (64%)
- salary when family is on holiday (63%)
- car usage and money for gas (60%)
- paid sick days (58%)
The benefits nannies would like to receive are:
- dental insurance (69% would like, vs. 8% who actually receive)
- retirement savings (62% vs. 9% actually receive)
- medical insurance (55% vs. 37% actually receive )
- health/gym membership (46% vs. 15% actually receive)
- annual raises (43% vs. 54% actually receive)
Employers responding to a similar question give their nannies
- annual bonuses (84%)
- medical insurance (42%)
- holiday savings (12%)
- dental insurance (5%)
- None gave retirement savings
Do nannies receive “perks?”
The International Nanny Association recently asked of nannies “What rewards/gifts
have you received from employers that you especially appreciated?”
Monetary bonus, clothes, jewelry, gift certificates, notes from children and parents,
vacations, camera, stock certificates, spa gift certificate, tickets to concerts/sporting
events/theater, pictures of kids, artwork, paid vacation with my husband, books,
unique gift with me in mind, DVD's, holiday gifts, beauty basket, computer and printer,
designer clothes/shoes/handbags, surprise time off with pay, movie tickets, dinner
and theater tickets, signing bonus, free long distance, appliances, birthday gifts,
vcr, bicycle, scrapbooking supplies, Disney World vacation, trip to Australia, flowers,
perfume, digital camera, trip to London, nanny sweatshirt, car, I adopted a child
and was able to bring to work with me, TV, unexpected day off with pay, boss took
time off and took me to lunch, personal trainer, their love and respect, palm pilot,
watch, cruise, video camera, paying for conference expenses, telling me how much
they appreciate me.
Who employs a professional nanny?
In today’s world of dual income families, nannies are no longer for only for the
rich and famous.
Many dual career households opt for in-home childcare not only for convenience,
but for financial reasons.
When there are two or more children in the home who need full time childcare, hiring
a nanny is often more cost effective then paying for two slots in the local daycare
-especially if the parents have a schedule that needs a little flexibility. Some
facilities will charge up to $1.00 per minute for each minute the parent is late
for evening pick up, while the average work week for a nanny is 50 hours, leaving
time for parents to commute and have a bit of flexibility based on a 40 hour work
Can I hire a nanny from abroad?
The International Nanny Association receives many requests from Americans
who want to hire trained European nannies. U.S. immigration laws make it virtually
impossible for non-American nannies to find work in the U.S. The U.S. Immigration
and Naturalization Service rarely grants work visas to foreign nationals to work
legally in the United States as nannies.
Nannies who travel to the United States on tourist visas and accept jobs as nannies
are working illegally; their employers are subject to fines, and the nannies themselves
can be deported.
A handful of cultural exchange programs operate in the U.S. to assist families interested
in hiring foreign au pairs. Child care workers who visit the U.S. for a year through
these programs usually are here for a cultural exchange. This is not a work program.
INA page to learn more.
What is the difference between an au pair and a nanny?
According to the United States Information Agency, nannies are child care providers
who are paid for their expertise and experience and they are employees of the family
for whom they work. Au pairs, on the other hand, are participants in a USIA exchange
program. Au pairs provide up to 45 hours of child care per week as part of their
responsibility to their host family and are considered members of the family, NOT
employees. They are required to attend classes while in the US and must return to
their country after one year. They also must be under 26 years of age and
must acquire a J1 Visa in order to come to the US as an Au Pair.
The International Nanny Association defines an au pair as a Foreign national in
the United States for up to a year to experience American life. Lives as part
of the host family and receives a small stipend in exchange for babysitting and
help with housework. May or may not have previous childcare experience.
The International Nanny Association defines a nanny as one employed by the family
on either a live-in or live-out basis to undertake all tasks related to the care
of children. Duties are generally restricted to childcare and the domestic tasks
related to childcare. May or may not have had any formal training, though often
has a good deal of actual experience. Nanny's work week ranges from 40 to 60 hours
per week. Usually works unsupervised.
Who governs the nanny industry?
The Department of Labor categorizes nannies as unskilled domestic workers.
What does the government say about the nanny industry?
The US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics defines a nanny in its Occupational
Outlook Handbook, defines a nanny one who “generally take care of children from
birth to age 10 or 12, tending to the child’s early education, nutrition, health,
and other needs. They also may perform the duties of a general housekeeper, including
general cleaning and laundry duties.” To read the detailed report visit http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos170.htm